About Macedonia

About Macedonia

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acedonia is a small but wonderful country which will captivate you with its pristine nature, preserved heritage, authenticity and traditional hospitality.

“Mother of the World” or “Mother Earth”, this is the true meaning of the word Macedonia. It is a place that will bring you back 10 000 years, to the dawn of civilization, a place mentioned in the Bible, a place where you will discover everything you wanted to know about the beginnings of human culture.

An old traditional song says “Where the sun eternally shines, there is Macedonia”, which sheds light on why the sun is a symbol of modern Macedonia, as it was in the Macedonian Kingdom of 700 BC. The sun, as a symbol, is deeply engraved in every Macedonian’s soul and is still represented on the flag.

Thanks to clean unpolluted soil, which has captured the bright sun and clear water, you have a rare opportunity to smell and taste nature, ranging from cereals, vegetables, fruits, milk, and dairy products, as well as delicious meat and meat products.

Although small in size, Macedonia has a wealth of history and an abundance of registered archaeological sites from various historical periods.

The Macedonian heart beats in 7/8 time, the rhythm of the local folk music. Once you listen to it you will be moved to your feet because it will make you dance, even if you are listening to it for the first time. This Land of the Sun is also a land of aromas and flavors which are passed from generation to generation. The traditional Macedonian cuisine is a combination of the diverse Balkan cuisine, with hints of Mediterranean and Middle Eastern influences.

Taste Macedonia a glass of wine, an inseparable element of how the population lives. Historians have written that wine was always a part of everyday life in these areas and that cultivating grapes were to be found in the Balkans as early as 2000 BC. Homer wrote that wine is the drink of Gods and the intense aroma of charming fruit flavors with natural freshness in Macedonian vintages will make you believe it.

We invite you into a world of ancient stories, the place where for a moment, you will feel the past but also the beauty of the present moment.

Mystical and timeless… Macedonia.

Ohrid

All visits in the region usually start with Ohrid. According to the historians, Lychnidion i.e. Lychnidos (the ancient name of Ohrid) was built in the 4th century B.C., but again, myths and legends tell us that it was built during the times of the legendary classical civilizations such as Phoenicia and Troy in the 2nd millennium B.C. Whatever the actuality is, Ohrid was and will eternally stay a mystical and sacred place. A town is irresistible for great ancient rulers and kings, such as the legendary Phoenician prince Cadmus who built it, Fillip II of Macedon who once conquered it, Alexander the Great who enjoyed it, Czar Samuil who ruled from it… It is a town where mysterious royal golden masks have been discovered, where the Goddess of destiny Isis, through her cult, ruled for centuries, where grandiose basilicas were built as Christianity evolved. A place where the Ohrid Archbishopric was founded… where the Cyrillic Alphabet, education and Macedonian culture spread from. It is a town which with its legacy endowed not only Macedonia but also the entire human civilization. Ohrid is built at the shores of one of the oldest freshwater lakes in the world, understandably it has been affected from its longevity. They together make the unbeatable combination of “the Lake and the Town”, a combination which in this case created a bond which lasts for millennia. Ohrid is one of those places where eternity and continuity co-exist and the past and the present join together as time passes forward. A place that radiates with spirituality accumulated for centuries. It is also a place where life is slow and people are passionate, a place which magnetizes every one who comes here… forever. In 1979, the Committee of UNESCO decided to inscribe Lake Ohrid on the World Heritage List of outstanding universal value, under natural criteria. In 1980, this property was extended to include the cultural and historical area of Ohrid, and cultural criteria were added. It’s worth mentioning that from 810 places in 138 States of the UNESCO list, only 24 places are designated as both, natural and cultural heritage sites.

Galichica

The Mountain range of Galichica was created by tectonic shifts in the Paleozoic period (cca 300 million years ago) and is rising up right between Lake Ohrid and Lake Prespa. The geological substrate of metamorphic silicates covered with massive spongy limestone characterizes the geology of the Mountain. Relatively low mountain ranges to Southwest Albania and the communication of air masses from North to South allow penetration of warm sea currents allowing the influence of the Mediterranean climate. A large amount of water in both Lakes naturally store the heat of the day and lower the temperature difference between day and night, thus creating a moderate – continental climate. This unique interaction of geology, morphology and climatic conditions resulted in establishing an ecosystem with high biological diversity. Over a thousand plant species can be found in this unique climate, 14 of which are endemic only to this mountain. Four floral endemic species are relicts from the Pliocene epoch (cca 5 million years ago): Morina persica, Stipa mayeri, Ramonda nathaliae, Phelipaea boissieri. There is an abundance of life on the mountain. During the spring and the summer season over 160 species of butterflies flutter around the mountain. The total population of vertebrates numbers 171 species and are fully recorded and studied. The Mountain is also a sanctuary for 124 species of birds, 19 mammals, 18 reptiles and 10 amphibians. But yet, the true trademark and the spirit of the aThe Mountain range of Galichica was created by tectonic shifts in the Paleozoic period (cca 300 million years ago) and is rising up right between Lake Ohrid and Lake Prespa. The geological substrate of metamorphic silicates covered with massive spongy limestone characterizes the geology of the Mountain. Relatively low mountain ranges to Southwest Albania and the communication of air masses from North to South allow penetration of warm sea currents allowing the influence of the Mediterranean climate. A large amount of water in both Lakes naturally store the heat of the day and lower the temperature difference between day and night, thus creating a moderate – continental climate. This unique interaction of geology, morphology and climatic conditions resulted in establishing an ecosystem with high biological diversity. Over a thousand plant species can be found in this unique climate, 14 of which are endemic only to this mountain. Four floral endemic species are relicts from the Pliocene epoch (cca 5 million years ago): Morina persica, Stipa mayeri, Ramonda nathaliae, Phelipaea boissieri. There is an abundance of life on the mountain. During the spring and the summer season over 160 species of butterflies flutter around the mountain. The total population of vertebrates numbers 171 species and are fully recorded and studied. The Mountain is also a sanctuary for 124 species of birds, 19 mammals, 18 reptiles and 10 amphibians. But yet, the true trademark and the spirit of the mountain is the Lynx (Lynx martioni) – Balkan Lynx. This magnificent and elusive animal is indigenous to Macedonia and its population varies between 30 to 35 individuals. Since their number is quite small, mainly resulting from activities of man, a special program to protect and recover the population of the Balkan Lynx has been implemented since 2006.mountain is the Lynx (Lynx martioni) – Balkan Lynx. This magnificent and elusive animal is indigenous to Macedonia and its population varies between 30 to 35 individuals. Since their number is quite small, mainly resulting from activities of man, a special program to protect and recover the population of the Balkan Lynx has been implemented since 2006.